Since 2021, we have been witnessing a sharp increase in the price of vegetables, some to almost 100%. The same also applies to poultry products such as chickens and eggs. The continued price hike will eventually create ripple effects on other items and industries. Such a phenomenon represents a symptom of the food crises that are predicted to strike globally due to climate change. As farmers nowadays are unable to predict dry and rainy seasons due to climate disruption, crops are more exposed to diseases and ruin.
On the global scene, China, which has been the main producer of soybeans from time immemorial, is currently unable to meet one-sixth of its demand. Other soybean exporters such as the USA and South America are experiencing logistical bottlenecks that increase global prices. Major rice, wheat, potatoes, and cotton producers like China and India are also suffering from water stress that may also disrupt their supply chain.
Food security is a state in which food is available to all members of society and in reasonable quantities, allowing enough sustenance. It is also a condition where safe and quality food can be grown all year round at an affordable price.
Climate change is currently affecting our food resources through increasing temperatures, changing precipitation patterns, and a higher frequency of extreme events. The shifts in climate conditions are affecting food security, particularly in African drylands and the high mountain regions of Asia and South America. Given the increasing frequency of extreme climate events and their interconnectedness, the risks of food system disruptions have been growing exponentially.
In the backdrop of this global food security disruption, it is noteworthy that Islam, as a religion and a civilization, has long initiated socio-economic advancements regarding food security. In fact, in a contemporary rendition of maqasid al-shariah (the higher objectives of shariah), it is posited that food security is one of its central foci. In this regard, this forum attempts to shed some light on how resorting to Islamic guidance may result in holistic approaches to pressing issues in food security.
1) To discuss the impact of climate change on global food supply chains and its other consequences.
2) To identify best practices in the Islamic civilisation concerning food security and Islamic guidance in managing food supply disruptions.
3) To discuss suitable policy options for authorities and society in facing issues related to global food security disruptions.
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International Institute of Advanced Islamic Studies (IAIS) Malaysia.
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Tel: +603-7956 9188